Polite words in Korean

Ready to be on your best behavior? After this free Rocket Korean lesson you’ll be able to say "thank you" in Korean, "excuse me", "sorry", and use other polite words in Korean with confidence. You’ll also know how to express your appreciation when someone is being helpful to you.
 
We want you to feel comfortable around native speakers right from the start, and a few courteous expressions can go a long way when you’re a beginner. We’ll show you the difference between formal and informal expressions, so you can be sure you’re using the right tone for the situation.
 
When travelling in Korea, you may notice that some Koreans keep a distance from you, and you may quickly conclude that Koreans dislike foreigners. They don’t! They tend to stay away because they’re often intimidated by English speakers. But if you can speak proper Korean, you’ll be able to start the conversation.
 
Listen carefully to the audio and practice saying the Korean phrases aloud – you’ll have mastered polite words in Korean in no time! Just as in your native language, speaking to Korean people in a polite manner will win you friends and gain you respect, so it’s worth making the effort!

How to pronounce polite words in Korean...

Small talk usually starts with “저기요/jugiyo”. It literally means “that place” or “over there”, and is close to the English phrase “Excuse me”. You use this word to break the ice.

저기요.

Jugiyo

Excuse me

Here are some more phrases you can use:

실례합니다.

Shillye hamnida

Excuse me / Pardon me (formal)

죄송합니다.

Jwesong hamnida

Sorry

Phrases of gratitude and apology are the most essential phrases in any language. Suppose a stranger picks up and hands over your wallet, which you’ve just dropped. What do you say? Suppose you accidentally step on someone’s foot. How do you say “I’m sorry”?

Being polite in Korean

The easiest phrase of gratitude is Gomawoyo.

고마워요.

Gomawoyo

Thanks

You should know that you use Gomawoyo only when speaking to family, friends, or strangers who appear easygoing and younger than you. When thanking a teacher, your boss, a stranger who looks older than you, or someone who looks not so easygoing, use one of the following phrases instead:

감사합니다.

Gamsa hamnida

Thank you

대단히 감사합니다.

Daedanhee gamsa hamnida

Thank you very much

Koreans say “thank you” as often as Westerners, and always reply with “Don’t mention it” or “Never mind”.

천만에요.

Cheonmaneyo

Don’t mention it / You're welcome

괜찮습니다.

Gwenchanseumnida

Never mind / It doesn’t matter

To apologize for something you have done, or for causing someone pain or inconvenience, say Jwesong hamnida (I apologize.) In an informal context, Mian hamnida (I’m sorry) is just fine.

죄송합니다.

Jwesong hamnida

I apologize

미안합니다.

Mian hamnida

Sorry

Use all of the above phrases liberally, and you’ll find that people will treat you better.

That’s it for this lesson.

If you want more lessons on Korean salutations then I recommend that you check out the following:

Anyoung hee gaseyo!

Sujung Lee
Sujung Lee
Rocket Korean


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