Verbs are doing words, and in Chinese, just like in English, they're used to denote an action performed by someone or something.
Anything you do or anyone else does, needs a verb so that you can do it. You can't run without verbs, you can't sing without verbs. Let's face it, without verbs you just can't do anything at all.
Love, breathe, live... All verbs.
So let's hear it for the mighty verb, and let's find out more about exactly how the Chinese verbs work ...
Pronouncing verbs in ChineseLet's get started...
Simple and Compound Tenses
Chinese verbs do not have tenses. In other words, the form of verbs never changes, regardless the change of time. They remain the same if they are actions of the past, present or future, if they are active or passive voices.
Instead of changing the form of verbs when talking about past, present or future actions, Chinese people put a particular time phrase in the sentences to indicate the different time.
I went and watched a movie yesterday. (Literal: Yesterday I go see movie already.)
I am watching a movie right now. (Literal: Now I currently watch movie.)
Tomorrow, I will go and watch a movie. (Literal: Tomorrow I want go to watch movie.)
More Chinese Verbs
went (literal: to go already)
to stand up
I like him.
Active Voice Versus Passive Voice
Lin Ping has drunk the coffee. (Literal: Lin Ping already drink coffee over.)
The coffee has been drunk by Lin Ping. (Literal: Coffee already by Lin Ping drink over.)
Here are some more examples how Chinese verbs are used in sentences:
I will go out after finishing eating. (Literal: I eat and then go out.)
I was famous, because I had killed the king. (Literal: At that time I very famous, because I already kill the king over.)
I learned Chinese, after I married her. (Literal: I with her marry and then, learn Chinese.)
I will eat, after I will have done my homework. (Literal: I finish homework and then, will eat.)
When I was a kid, I had fevers very often. (Literal: I as a kid during that time, very often have fevers.)
By that time, I will have already sung. (Literal: By that time I will already sing over.)
That's it for this lesson!
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