Romance Languages: What Are They and Why Should You Learn One?
August 2, 2017
When we think of Romance languages, an image of Don Juan or romantic, wine-drinking lovers may come to mind. While meeting your better half and learning a romance language don’t always come hand-in-hand (actually, learning a romance language is easier!), there are plenty of other reasons to learn one of these beautiful languages. Today, we're going to take a look at what these "languages of love" really are and why you should learn one.
What's in a name?Ah, the romance languages...Just the very word "romance" conjures up images of passion, excitement and nice glass of wine or sangria. But why are they called "romance languages," anyways?
The word "romance" stems from the Latin word “romant,” which means “in the Roman manner.” This is because the romance (sometimes also called "Romanic") languages evolved from vulgar Latin. It makes sense, doesn't it?
But wait...vulgar Latin?
Before you get too carried away thinking about cussing Romans, remember that the word "vulgar" in this case simply refers to the common speech at the time, also known as Sermo Vulgaris. This language was different than the classical Latin so often used in literary works. Since vulgar Latin had no official spelling, punctuation or grammar rules, it was easy for it to change and evolve rather quickly. Think of it like modern, colloquial slang: the only rule is that there are no rules. After a while, however, some words get used so frequently that we officially at them to our language.
As time went by, this vulgar Latin evolved to form the other linguistically related languages that we know today as the romance languages.
Modern languages with ancient rootsLanguages have families, just like we do. The parents have kids, grow old, and pass away, leaving a surviving legacy. The children (resulting languages) then get married and receive the foreign influences from their new partners, resulting in a new language.
In this case, romance languages are the modern languages that evolved from Vulgar Latin, the colloquial language spoken in the Mediterranean region during and after the Roman Empire. These languages are none other than Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, or Romanian, to mention just the most spoken ones (for a full list, check out this detailed listing).
Despite their distant origin, romance languages are as modern as ever. As a matter of fact, nearly a billion people speak at least one romance language, with Spanish being the most widely spoken with almost 500 million native speakers.
A simplified version of the romance language family tree, courtesy of Wikipedia
The stimulus of connecting sibling languagesDo you like going to the mall and getting a second pair of shoes 50% off? Could you imagine doing the same thing at the “mall of language learning” and being able to learn a second language with half the effort?
Well, this is almost possible in the case of romance languages. They're actually so similar that once you master one of them, you’ll have the foundation you need to learn the rest.
As you can probably imagine, however, this is truer in some cases than others, since romance languages are classified into different subdivisions and branches. Thus, Spanish and Portuguese (both Ibero-Roman languages) share most of their main characteristics, so it's easier to learn both of these languages without having to spend tons of extra time studying. If you speak Spanish and would like to learn Romanian (a Proto-Romanian language), however, it'll take a little bit more effort.
Why should you learn a romance language?Learning a language is one of the most rewarding challenges we humans can undertake. This alone should be enough to encourage you, but if you're a skeptic that needs a few extra reasons, here's one for each of the five most spoken Romance languages:
SpanishLearning Spanish will allow you to visit 22 countries in Europe, America and Western Africa, and communicate with almost 600 million people. Think of how many people you can have a “romance” with in Spanish…
FrenchFrench is the language of culture, fashion, haute cuisine, art, theater, and dance, among others. Plus, French lent so many words to English during their "linguistic marriage" that you'll learn new French words even in your own language!
PortuguesePortuguese is often underestimated by language learners despite the fact that it's the language of Brazil, the tenth greatest economic power in the world. The country of samba has grown so quickly during the first decade of the 21st Century that Portuguese could become the 7th official language of the UN. Why not get ahead and learn the colorful Portuguese language?
ItalianLearning Italian is beneficial for many careers in the arts, music, design and archeology. But that's not all. Do you know what Ferrari, Armani or Benetton have in common? They're all world-famous Italian companies (that need employees all over the world). As a bonus, if you learn Italian, you'll know what you are eating every time you order pizza or pasta.
RomanianRomanian is the bonus track of the major Romance languages. In fact, it’s the closest living language to Latin, so learning Romanian can be the gateway to exploring the world of Roman Empire. Also, you can travel to Transylvania and go out for a drink with Dracula. Isn’t that cool?
Oh, and as a side note, they're all romantic. This is because a literary movement using romance languages emerged in the Middle Ages. The movement idealized life at the time and told tales about knights and heroes. This kind of literature grew to include all sorts of fiction, including love stories, and that’s why the word romance is associated with love affairs nowadays.
So what are you waiting for? Start learning a new romance language today!
By Andrea Reisenauer, guest blogger. Andrea Reisenauer is a language lover, ESL teacher Rocket Languages fan with a Master's degree in Translation. She speaks Spanish, Catalan, and Italian and is currently studying French.
August 3, 2017
Loved the explanation of "Romance Languages"and how they evolved.
August 3, 2017
Wow, Thanks so much for giving a really interesting and educative information on the Romance Languages.
August 6, 2017
An interesting article on the Romance languages. However, even Latin had its roots too. Nearly all the European languages, together with some languages spoken in the Middle East and the northern India, together with Greek, Latin and Sanksrit all show a number of striking similarities. This points to a common prehistoric source for all these diverse languages.
This common source was a language spoken thousands of years ago in central Europe now referred to as Proto-Indo-European. As peoples speaking this language dispersed, other linguistic branches sprang from the common stock and one of these was German. This was originally referred to as Proto-Germanic and this in turn subdivided. English is of West Germanic origin.
During the fifth and sixth centuries, Britain was invaded by the Angles, Saxons and Jutes, all Germanic people from northern Europe. They all spoke a similar dialect and a form of English evolved from this, referred to now as Old English.
It might have been thought that a significant number of Latin words would have become established in English following the Roman conquest in AD43 and the 400 year occupation that followed, but if they did, the Germanic invasions seem to have completely submerged any words resulting from the Roman occupation. It is thought that only about five survived including port, from the Latin portus.
However, the invading Germanic tribes did bring with them a number of Latin words as a result of their trading links with the Romans. The early Christian missions also brought with them a large number of Latin words which have passed into general domestic use. The words education and medicine are examples.
It was the Norman Conquest during the Middle English period which had the biggest influence on English in terms of importing words from the Romance languages, particularly French. As the article above notes, the Romance languages have a common Latin origin which in itself derived from the Proto-Indo-European language. However, in its grammatical structure and basic vocabulary, English was still a Germanic language.
From about 1500, modern English continued to assimilate a huge number of foreign terms. At first these were from modern languages such as French and Italian, as well as classical Greek and Latin. Then as new continents and people were discovered, English borrowed from individual languages like Malay, Chinese, Hindi and Arabic.
The evolution of language is a fascinating topic. Some words have completely changed their meanings over the years. Take nice for example. This now means 'pleasant' or' agreeable'. However, it originally meant 'foolish' or 'stupid'. This was a direct borrowing from Old French from the Latin root nescius (ignorant). During the fourteenth century the word came to mean 'lascivious' perhaps because a person so described was foolish and careless of consequences.
During the sixteenth century, the meaning further evolved and nice was used in the sense of 'careful' or 'particular'. People then spoke of a 'nice point' meaning something which had a high degree of precision.
Since then, nice has gradually become a bland and overused expression of pleasure capable of describing anything and used where we can't think of something better to say.